Harshen Yarjejeniyar Jamusanci

Maudu'in da zamu tattauna a wannan darasi: Harshen Yarjejeniyar Jamusanci Ya ƙaunatattun abokai, a cikin wannan labarin, za mu ba da bayani game da fi'ili na Jamusanci, tushen fi'ili, ƙarin magana da ma'anar kalmomin Jamusawa.

FASSARA SAMUN KUDI

Har zuwa wannan darasin, mun ga batutuwa masu sauƙi don masu farawa kamar ranakun Jamusawa, watannin Jamusanci, lambobin Jamusanci, lokutan Jamusawa da kuma sifofin Jamusanci. Ban da waɗannan, mun ga darussan Jamusanci da yawa kamar kalmomin Jamusanci waɗanda za mu iya amfani da su a rayuwar yau da kullun kuma suna da amfani ƙwarai. A cikin wannan darasin, Gudun kalmomi na Jamus Za mu tabo batun. Bayan karanta darasinmu, muna bada shawara sosai cewa ku kalli laccar bidiyo a ƙasan shafin.

Batun karin kalmomin kalmomin Jamusanci fanni ne da ke buƙatar mai da hankali a kansa, kuma dole ne a koya shi kuma a haddace shi da kyau. Ba zai yuwu a gare mu ba mu samar da jumla daidai ba tare da koyon haruffan Jamusanci ba. Yanzu mun zama farkon farko menene fi'ili, menene tushen fi’ili, menene fi'ili mara aiki, Menene abubuwan haɗin mutum, Yadda ake haɗa kalmomin aiki a cikin Jamusanci Za mu mai da hankali kan irin waɗannan batutuwa na asali. Maimakon ba da kalmar aikatau ta Jamusanci a shirye, Maganar kalmomin Jamusanci Za mu koya muku dabaru na aikin don ku harba.

Fi'ili na Jamusanci

Kamar yadda kuka sani, ana kiran nau'ikan fi'ili mara aiki. A takaice dai, ana kiran nau'ikan nau'ikan fi'ili, da aka rubuta a cikin kamus ana kiransa da infinitive na aikatau. Sufaramar karin magana in Turkish -mak da -mek haɗe-haɗe Misali; zo, tafi, sanya, zuwa, karanta, gani Fi'ili kamar infinitives kalmomi ne. Don haɗa kalmomin aiki a cikin yaren Turkanci, an cire mahimmancin kari kuma an ƙara mahimman kalmomin da ake amfani da su zuwa tushen kalmar.

Misali; infinitive karantamak fi'ili -mak a lokacin da muka jefa da infinitive kari "karantaFi’ili ”ya rage. Oku ainihin, karantamak shine tushen fi'ili. Bari mu kawo lokacin da ya dace da kuma karin maganar mutum ga kalmar karanta:
Oku -gajiya-um, nan "karanta"Tushen fi'ili,"gajiya"Lokaci na yanzu,"um"Shin mutum (ni) kayan ado ne. Kuna karatu ko muna karantawa ko karantawa Fi'ili kamar kalmomin aiki suna haɗuwa a cikin halin yanzu amma an haɗa su don mutane daban. Kuna karanta (ku), muna karantawa (mu), suna karantawa (su).

Muna tunani Siffofin kalmomin aiki a cikin Jamusanci Mun ba da isasshen bayani game da.

Kamar yadda ake gani, lokacin da muke son haɗa kalmomin aiki bisa ga daidaikun mutane a cikin Baturke, muna ƙara ƙarin daban zuwa tushen kalmar ta kowane mutum. Wannan ma haka yake a cikin Jamusanci. A cikin Baturke -mak da -mek Haruffan kari kari a Jamusanci -en da -n haɗe-haɗe Yawancin lokaci kari -en shine kari, maƙallin -n ba safai ba. Fi'ili mara aiki a cikin Jamusanci -en ko -n ƙare tare da abin da aka makala Fi'ili mara aiki a cikin Jamusanci -en ko -n Lokacin da muka cire alamar, zamu sami tushen wannan kalmar. A koyaushe ana rubuta nau'in fi'ili a cikin kamus ko jerin kalmomin aiki. Misali, aikin Jamusanci na kalmar aikatau spielen ne.

Infinitive spielen daga fi'ili -en lokacin da muka cire karin wasa kalma ta rage, wasa kalma spielen shine tushen fi'ili. Enseaukakawa da mutum suna ɗora wa wannan tushen aikatau wasa an kara zuwa kalmar. Wani misali koyi Bari mu ba da kalmar, koyi Jamusanci daidai da kalmar lernen shine fi'ili. koyi Inaramar wucewa daga fi'ili watau -en lokacin da ka cire amfanin gonarka lerne saiwar ta rage. Lokacin da kalmomin Jamusawa suka haɗu, maƙalar karin magana da ta mutum ce lerne an kara zuwa kalmar.

KOYI

KOYI

MEK

LERN

LERN

EN

Bayan koyon ma'anar karin magana da tushe cikin kalmomin aiki Haɗa kalmomin Jamusanci zamu iya wucewa Bari mu nuna mafi sauƙin haɗa kalmomin aiki fi sauƙi a matsayin misali a ƙasa.

Lernen, don haka koya, bari mu haɗa kalmomin aiki a cikin halin yanzu bisa ga kowane mutum.

Ya kamata ku kula da haddace haɗe-haɗen da aka ƙara akan kalmar.

CUTAR DA JAMI'AR LERNEN LERNEN

LOKACIN MUTUM

KARAWA NET

JAN HANKALIN AIKIN

ma'ana

I e leren-e ina koyo
du st leren-st Kuna koyo
er t leren-t Yana koyo (namiji)
su t leren-t Tana koyo (mace)
es t leren-t Tana koyo (tsaka tsaki)
mu en leren-en Muna koya
ihr t leren-t Kuna koyo
su en leren-en Suna koyo
Aug en leren-en Kuna koyo

sama lernen Mun ga yadda ake amfani da kalmar a halin yanzu. koyi shi ne fi'ili na fi'ili. Lerner shine tushen fi'ili. Kalmar en haruffa ne mara iyaka. Karin bayani shine tushen aikatau lerne an kara zuwa kalmar. Bari mu haɗa wani fi'ili a matsayin misali.

JAN HANKALIN K’ASAR KASAR JAMAR

LOKACIN MUTUM

KARAWA NET

JAN HANKALIN AIKIN

ma'ana

I e kum-e Ina zuwa
du st kowa-st Kana zuwa
er t kowa-t Yana zuwa (yaro)
su t kowa-t Yana zuwa (mace)
es t kowa-t Yana zuwa (tsaka tsaki)
mu en kamun muna zuwa
ihr t kowa-t Kuna zuwa
su en kamun Suna zuwa
Aug en kamun Kuna zuwa

Ee ƙaunatattun abokai, a sama ma cikin Jamusanci ne kommen wato zo Mun ba da misalai na haɗa kalmomin aiki a cikin halin yanzu. Harshen Jamusanci An zana su a cikin halin yanzu kamar wannan. Afafaffun da aka kawo a tushen kalmar a halin yanzu kamar yadda aka nuna a teburin da ke sama.

Hakanan zaka iya haɗa wasu kalmomin aiki daidai da daidaikun mutane ta hanyar duban teburin da ke sama, kuna ɗaukar misalai.

Gudun kalmomi na Jamus Maudu'inmu mai suna zai ci gaba a darasinmu na gaba. A darussanmu na gaba, zamu ga jumlar kalmomin Jamusawa daidai da lokacin da ya gabata. Hakanan zaka iya samun bayanai game da fi'ilai na yau da kullun na Jamusawa da kuma kalmomin aiki na yau da kullun na Jamusanci a cikin darussa na gaba.

Jamusanci Fijista Haɗuwa da Takaddar Bidiyo

Verarshen Maganganu na Aikace-aikacen Jamus

Ya ƙaunataccen baƙo, Gudun kalmomi na Jamus Mun zo ƙarshen batunmu mai suna. Za ku sami ƙarin misalan haɗa kalmomin aiki a cikin darussanmu na gaba.

Gudun kalmomi na Jamus Kuna iya rubuta abin da kuke son tambaya game da shi, buƙatun darasi na keɓaɓɓu, tambayoyi, tsokaci da suka, da wuraren da ba ku fahimta ba a fagen tambaya a dandalin.

Na gode da ziyartar rukunin yanar gizon mu, muna yi muku fatan nasara a rayuwar ku ta ilimi.

Kar ka manta da bayar da shawarar shafin mu ga sauran abokan ku.

HIDIMAR FASSARAR MU NA HAUSA TA FARA. Don ƙarin bayani: Fassarar Turanci

ba: Kullum muna ƙoƙarin ba ku bayanai na zamani. An fara rubuta wannan labarin da kuke karantawa kimanin watanni 10 da suka gabata, a ranar 14 ga Fabrairu, 2021, kuma an sabunta wannan labarin a ƙarshe a ranar 20 ga Afrilu, 2021.

Na zaba muku wani batu bazuwar, wadannan su ne batutuwanku masu sa'a. Wanne kuke son karantawa?


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